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Cell 11: 371-81 (1977)[77244007]

Cloning and characterization of a complex satellite DNA from Drosophila melanogaster.

M. Carlson & D. Brutlag

The sequence organization of the 1 .688 satellite DNA (density 1.688 g/cm3 in CsCl) has been investigated, and this satellite has been found to differ from the other 0. melanogaster satellite DNAs in having a much greater sequence complexity. Purification of 1.688 satellite DNA by successive equilibrium density centrifugations yielded a fraction 77% pure. Segments of satellite DNA were isolated by molecular cloning in the plasmid vector pSClOl. One recombinant plasmid contained a segment of i.688 satellite DNA 5.8 kilobase pairs in size and was stable during propagation in E. coli. recognition sites for restriction enzymes from Haemophilus aegyptius (Hae III), Haemophilus influenzae f (Hint) and Arthrobacter luteus (Alu I) were mapped in the satellite DNA of this hybrid plasmid. The spacing of Hae III, Hinf and two Alu I sites at regular intervals of about 365 base pairs is strong evidence that the sequence complexity of this satellite DNA is 365 base pairs. Further evidence comes from the finding that both gradient-purified and cloned 1.688 satellite DNA renature with their Hae ill sites in register. The Hae III and Hint sites in gradient-purified satellite DNA have been shown by Manteuil, Hamer and Thomas (1975) and Shen, Wiesehahn and Hearst (1978) to be distributed at intervals of 365 base pairs and Integral multiples thereof. These investigators proposed that some of the sites in an otherwise regular array have been randomly inactivated. Cloned satellite DNA provided a hybridization probe for sensitive studies of the arrangement of these recognition sites in gradient-purified satellite DNA. Some regions of satellite DNA were found to contain many fewer recognition sites than expected from the pro-posed models. These findings suggest that different regions of 1.688 satellite DNA may exhibit different arrangements of Hae III and Hinf recognition sites.

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